Special Issue From mammoths to Neandertals ancient DNA unlocks the mysteries of

first_imgAncient DNA researchers have succeeded beyond all expectation in retrieving entire genomes from-long dead organisms, and their work is transforming the study of the past, as discussed in Science’s special news package and in the video above. The number of papers in the field is growing exponentially, as researchers from many disciplines realize how much ancient DNA can tell them, creating an explosion of research. The picture of human evolution has been upended, and the DNA found in scoops of ancient soil or ice is allowing researchers to reconstruct entire lost worlds. Although most successes are from cold environs, some researchers are exploring how to tease out ancient DNA from the tropics while a handful of other scientists are probing what may be the next big technology—sequencing ancient proteins. The new generation of researchers faces the intense competition typical of a booming field, yet they also enjoy a wide-open arena of research questions exploring everything from pathogens to plants to humans. Ancient DNA package:Podcast: New life for old bonesFeature: New life for old bonesFeature: Revolution in human evolutionFeature: Breaking a tropical tabooFeature: Protein powerFeature: Lost worlds foundSidebar: Prospecting for genetic goldIn Depth: Mysterious link emerges between Native Americans and people half a globe awayResearch paper: “Genomic evidence for the Pleistocene and Recent population history of Native Americans”Research paper: “Abrupt warming events drove Late Pleistocene Holarctic megafaunal turnover”Feature from the archive: The thousand-year graveyardScienceCareers: “Journeying back in time with ancient DNA”(Video credit: Science)last_img read more