Kolkata: For the first time in the history of any government hospital, SSKM Hospital installed the most advanced and one of the most expensive pacemakers on a patient, made possible thanks to the robust health service schemes introduced in the state by Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.Md Asik Alam (66) had his pacemaker infected for two consecutive times and the doctors had no option other than implanting a leadless pacemaker on the right ventricle of his heart. Alam and his family members became reluctant after they came to know that a leadless pacemaker would cost them around Rs 10 lakh in top private hospitals in the city. There was no other option except the installation of a leadless pacemaker on the wall of the right ventricle to save the life of the elderly patient, who is a resident of Berhampore in Murshidabad. SSKM Hospital turned saviour for the patient and the operation was conducted free of cost. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedA leadless pacemaker is a small self-contained device looking almost like a capsule that is inserted in the right ventricle of the heart. According to the doctors at SSKM, a pacemaker had been installed on the right side of Alam’s chest by a private hospital in the city around eight years ago. After six years, the pacemaker got infected and the patient was brought to the hospital, where the doctors mounted another pacemaker on the left side of his chest. But the patient developed similar complications as the second one also got infected. A team comprising doctors from both the Cardiology and Cardiothoracic and Vascular surgery (CTVS) departments conducted the operation. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata Bose”This is the first time a government-run hospital has implanted a leadless pacemaker on a patient completely free of cost. It has become possible due to the comprehensive healthcare system launched by the state government. Poor people are being benefitted by the schemes,” said a senior cardiologist at SSKM. The doctors also said that this is a late infection. Generally infection develops within 1-2 years from the date of operation. But in this case, the pacemaker got infected years later. In a conventional pacemaker, the pulse generator is connected to the right atrium and right ventricle through leads in case of a dual chamber pacemaker. While in case of single chamber pacemaker, the leads are connected either to the right atrium or the right ventricle. The patient has already been released from the hospital and is doing fine, doctors said.
Architecture is about making of places where people spend their lives. And architects are not just concerned with the exterior and interior design of a building, but the environment as a whole and how living inside this building feels like.To undergo the professional training of being an architect, a person needs to be registered with The Council of Architecture (CoA), established by the Government of India under the provisions of the Architects Act, 1972 enacted by the Parliament of India. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAny person desirous of carrying on the profession as an architect must have registration with Council of Architecture. For the purpose of registration, one must possess the recognised qualification as appended to the Architects Act, 1972 after having undergone the education in accordance with the Council of Architecture Minimum Standards of Architectural Education Regulations as specified from time to time. As informed by Vijay Garg, President COA, there are about 480 institutions presently imparting architectural education in India. The standards of education being imparted in institutions like IITs, NITs, and autonomous universities are prescribed and monitored by Council of Architecture. The body sets regulations from time to time which set forth the requirement of eligibility for admission, course duration, standards of staff and accommodation, course content, examination. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”If any person falsely represents or claims to be a registered architect, such acts tantamount to committing of a criminal offense punishable under the Architects Act, 1972,” Gard informed According to the guidelines of CoA, clearing National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) – a test which is recognised as the minimum standard of architectural education., is mandatory. The purpose of conducting NATA is to provide a single scheme of examination for admissions in architecture department of institutions spread across the country. However, the actual admissions shall be carried out only by the concerned competent authorities of the respective states/institutions based on NATA. The examination also ensures that the eligibility criteria for admission to five years Bachelor of Architecture degree course, as prescribed by CoA and duly approved by the Central Government, are strictly adhered to and followed in all architectural institutions. The NATA measures aptitude of the applicant for a specific field of study, i.e. Architecture by an assessment of drawing and observation skills, sense of proportion, aesthetic sensitivity, mathematics, and critical thinking ability. The NATA-2019 for admission to B.Arch. in the academic session 2018-19 will be conducted twice a year- the first test on April 14, 2019, and the second test on July 7, 2019 all across the country. The exam will comprise of two parts –Part A will have multiple choice questions related to mathematics and general aptitude, and Part B is paper-based drawing.